Insectivora: Soricomorpha (Shrews, Moles, Solenodons) and Products | Skulls Unlimited International, Inc. 1-800-659-SKULL

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Insectivora: Soricomorpha

Shrews, Moles, Solenodons

Almost all Mesozoic mammals were insectivorous. Insects are by far the largest group of organisms, both in terms of number of species and in biomass. They are marvelously diverse in habit and morphology. They provide a rich resource for anything that eats them, and their diversity alone suggests that their predators might exhibit similar variety. And so it is. Many mammals, including members of almost all orders, sometimes feed on insects.

Insectivores, members of the order Insectivora, are some of the smallest mammals in existence. Two hundred fifty of the three hundred fifty species of this order are shrews. Moles, tenrecs and hedgehogs make up the remainder. One of the largest members of this order, the solenodon (found in Cuba and Haiti) and some shrews secrete poison from a gland above their teeth to subdue prey. Although most insectivores eat insects exclusively, some prey on other invertebrates such as worms and small vertebrates. Insectivores are very beneficial to humankind because some consume up to three time their weight in insects per day.

The skulls of insectivores are often long and slender. The eye orbit is generally open posteriorly and the zygomatic arches (cheek bones) are reduced or absent. The teeth are generally primitive in structure and all teeth are rooted. The dental count is normally 44 to 48, with many variations.

The order Soricomorpha, meaning shrew-form, contains four families; Talpidae (moles), Soricidae (shrews), Solenodontidae (solenodons) and Neophontidae (West Indian shrews). Previously this group was lumped with the order Erinaceomorpha (hedgehogs and gymnures) under the now obsolete order Insectivora.

 
Cuban Solenodon  (Solenodon cubanus)
Cuban Solenodon Skull
WBC-052
Museum Quality Replica
$84.00
Haitian Solenodon  (Solenodon paradoxus)
Haitian Solenodon Skull
WBC-053
Museum Quality Replica
$84.00
Shrew  (Various species)
Shrew Skull
WSM-410
Natural Bone Quality A
$29.00 $20.00
Shrew  (Various species)
Shrew - Northern Short-tailed
WBC-79
Museum Quality Replica
$35.00
 
Eastern Mole  (Scalopus  aquaticus)
Eastern Mole Skull
WSM-412
Natural Bone Quality A
$39.00
Eastern Mole  (Scalopus  aquaticus)
Eastern Mole Skull
WTQ-350
Replica
$46.00
Box-O-Damaged Shrew Skulls (Soricidae sp.)
Box-O-Damaged Shrew Skulls
WLQ-2875
Natural Bone
$49.00
Limited Quantity (?)
Eastern Mole Skeleton (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Eastern Mole Skeleton
WLQ-11541
Natural Bone
$99.00
Limited Quantity (?)
 
White-footed Mouse (Scalopus  aquaticus )
White-footed Mouse
WVAC-4672
$99.00
Limited Quantity (?)
Prairie Vole Study Skin (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Prairie Vole Study Skin
WVAC-4673
Natural Bone
$99.00
Limited Quantity (?)
Masked Shrew Study Skin (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Masked Shrew Study Skin
WVAC-4675
Natural Bone
$125.00
Limited Quantity (?)
Shrew Skeleton (Blarina  sp.)
Shrew Skeleton
WOK-4298
Natural Bone
$75.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)
 
Asian House Shrew (Suncus murinus)
Asian House Shrew
WOK-4538
Natural Bone
$29.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)
Southern Red-backed Vole Study Skin (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Southern Red-backed Vole Study Skin
WVAC-4671
Natural Bone
$125.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)
Eastern Mole Study Skin (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Eastern Mole Study Skin
WVAC-4676
Natural Bone
$125.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)
Eastern Woodrat Study Skin and Skull (Scalopus  aquaticus )
Eastern Woodrat Study Skin and Skull
WVAC-4778
$149.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)
 
White-footed Mouse- Partial Skeleton (Scalopus  aquaticus )
White-footed Mouse- Partial Skeleton
WVAC-4792
Natural Bone
$125.00
One-of-a-Kind (?)