Cattle—colloquially cows—are the most common type of large domesticated ungulates. They are a prominent modern member of the subfamily Bovinae, are the most widespread species of the genus Bos, and are most commonly classified collectively as Bos taurus. Cattle are commonly raised as livestock for meat (beef or veal, see beef cattle), for milk (see dairy cattle), and for hides, which are used to make leather. They are used as riding animals and draft animals (oxen or bullocks, which pull carts, plows and other implements). Around 10,500 years ago, cattle were domesticated from as few as 80 progenitors in central Anatolia, the Levant and Western Iran. According to an estimate from 2011, there are 1.4 billion cattle in the world. Some consider cattle the oldest form of wealth, and cattle raiding consequently one of the earliest forms of theft.
- Missing horns
- Missing mandible
- Full Skull Length 45.7cm (18in)
- Full Skull Width 32.4cm (12.8in)
- Tip to Tip 29cm (11.4in)